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Kilimanjaro Information

Best Route Kilimanjaro

Whether it is your first time trekking or whether you have climbed dozens of peaks, we have the top Kilimanjaro routes for you. For an unrivaled experience on Mount Kilimanjaro, select the route that best suits you, and maximizes your comfort, enjoyment, and chance of success. We will take you every step of the way, until the summit of 5,895 meters, or 19,340 feet. What are the best routes to climb Kilimanjaro?

We prefer the quieter, lesser traveled camping routes of Rongai, Shira, Lemosho  and the new Northern Circuit. We believe these are the best routes on Mount Kilimanjaro. However, we do offer climbs on all major routes on the mountain.

We recommend taking longer duration climbs such as the Shira 10 day, Lemosho 10 day or Northern Circuit 11 day as these routes will give you the highest chance in successfully summiting. In addition to the additional time spent acclimatizing, the added days shorten the daily hiking distances reserving more of your energy for the summit hike.

We offer group climbs on set departure dates on Rongai 8 days, Machame 9 days, Shira 10 days, Lemosho 10 days and Northern Circuit  11 days. Private climbs can be arranged on the abovelisted routes, plus Rongai 9 days and Machame 8 days, on any dates.

Rongai Route: The Rongai route begins at the remote, northern side of Kilimanjaro, near the Kenyan border. We hike through a true wilderness area towards the jagged Mawenzi Peak, then cross a barren desert saddle, before climbing up Kibo’s eastern crater wall. The Rongai route is a more gradual ascent, and is therefore preferred by those with little or no backpacking experience. However, the route is equally enjoyable for even the most hardened trekkers. Rongai is a good choice for people who are looking for a quick hike with more gentle slopes. The Rongai route can be done in an 8 or 9 day trip. Rongai Route 8 Day – 6 days on the mountain. Group or Private.
Rongai Route 9 Day – 7 days on the mountain. Private only.
Machame Route: The Machame Route known as the “Whiskey” route, begins at Machame Gate, located in the southern base of mountain, within its green, abundant rainforest. We climb to the Shira Plateau, then traverse the mountain beneath Kilimanjaro’s Southern Icefield, before summiting from Barafu Hut. Machame is the most popular route on the mountain, and campsites will be shared with numerous other groups. Machame is a good choice for people who want to enjoy a scenic hike on a challenging route in the shortest amount of time. The Machame route is an 8 or 9 day trip. Machame Route 8 Day – 6 days on the mountain. Private only.
Machame Route 9 Day – 7 days on the mountain. Group or Private.

Shira Route: The Shira approaches Kilimanjaro from the west. A 4×4 vehicle transports us through a rich, lush rainforest until we arrive at the ridge of the Shira Plateau, where our expedition begins. We trek across an alpine plateau and traverse the great Southern Icefield, before summiting from Barafu Hut. The Shira route is ideal for those with backpacking experience and those seeking a more challenging adventure. The Shira route is a 10 day trip. Highly recommended. Shira Route 10 Day – 8 days on the mountain. Group or Private.

Lemosho Route: The Lemosho route is regarded as one of the prettiest routes on Kilimanjaro. We begin from the west, trekking in the fertile rainforest until we reach the wildflowers of the heath ecosystem. Approaching from the west, we cross one of most beautiful areas on Kilimanjaro, the Shira Plateau, before traversing the mountain along the southern circuit. The main difference between Lemosho and Shira is that we begin the Lemosho hike in the rainforest whereas Shira bypasses the rainforest with a vehicle and begins on the plateau. The Lemosho route is a 10 day trip. Highly recommended.Lemosho Route 10 Day – 8 days on the mountain. Group or Private.

Northern Circuit: The Northern Circuit Route is the most amazing journey on Kilimanjaro. Starting from the west, this is the only route that travels north around Mt. Kilimanjaro.  It traverses nearly the entire mountain before the summit push. This is absolutely the most scenic path available and has almost no traffic on its northern face. This is a relatively new route. Become one of the first to enjoy the Northern Circuit’s tranquility and stunning panoramic scenery. The Northern Circuit is an 11 day trip. Highly recommended.Northern Circuit 11 Day – 9 days on the mountain. Group or Private.

We have a variety of group climbs scheduled weekly throughout the year, with the exception of during the rainy season. These group climbs have a maximum capacity of 12-15 people.

We can also organize a private climb for you. No other parties or persons are added to these climbs. The persons in your party are the only ones on the climb.

Visas/Flights to Tanzania

A valid passport and business visa are required for travel to Tanzania.


Flying to Kenya

If your destination is Tanzania and you choose to fly to Nairobi rather than direct to Kilimanjaro Airport, then you’ll need to get a local flight from Nairobi to JRO, or else will need to take the Riverside Shuttle bus, or similar service, from Nairobi to Arusha. If you remain at the airport in Nairobi for your connecting flight and so do not need to clear through Immigration, it is not necessary to have a Kenyan visa simply to make use of their airport, but if quitting the airport for any length of time, either to catch a later onward flight, or else to travel through to Tanzania by road, you’ll require a Kenyan tourist visa.

The Kenyan tourist visa can be purchased at the airport when you land at Nairobi Airport. A tourist visa for travelling to Kenya from Tanzania – if opting to fly out from Nairobi – can be purchased at the Namanga border which you are required to cross, however if you entered Tanzania from Kenya on your way to Arusha then your original Kenyan visa will probably still be valid as nowadays Kenyan tourist visas are issued on multiple-entry basis.

Flying to Tanzania

If flying direct to Tanzania however, although it is almost always possible to buy a tourist visa on arrival at the airport, the Tanzanian High Commission nonetheless advises visitors to apply for this before entering the country, as they are entitled to decline visa applications on arrival.

Send these documents to Travel visa

1: Passport Requirements:

Original, signed passport valid for 6 months beyond stay in Tanzania, with at least two adjacent blank passport pages available for Tanzania visa stamp. Amendment pages in the back of the passport are not suitable for a Tanzanian visa.

One signed Tanzania visa application form plus one copy.

3: Photo Requirements:

Two recent, identical, 2 x 2 passport photographs, in color, front view and with a plain/light background.

OR – you can upload a passport photo to the Global Service Order Form when you place your order, instead of providing physical passport photos.

4: Letter Of Invitation from Tanzania:

New York: A letter of invitation from sponsor (either host company or individual) in Tanzania explaining the relationship to the applicant and the purpose of travel to Tanzania. In addition, the letter must indicate the length of stay, place of stay, and contact information in Tanzania.

Letter from employer or sponsoring company in the US, on company letterhead, introducing the applicant, indicating the applicant’s employment status/position held in the company, clearly stating the purpose of visit to Tanzania, and requesting the Tanzanian visa. The business letter must also indicate who will be financially responsible for the applicant while in Tanzania and must provide detailed contact information in Tanzania.

To generate a Tanzanian Business Cover Letter on-line, fill out this Business Letter Form and print the completed letter on your company letterhead.

Washington, DC: A letter of invitation from the sponsor (host company or individual) in Tanzania may be provided instead of a business letter from US employer. This letter must explain the relationship to the applicant and the purpose of travel to Tanzania and include the length of stay, place of stay, and contact information in Tanzania.

6: Proof Of Departure:

Computer generated flight itinerary from the airline or a travel agency or copy of airline ticket showing entry and departure from Tanzania.

This is Travisa’s service order form, where you will provide your contact and shipping information, choose the visa processing needed and make your payment. You must print the completed form and send it to Travisa with all other supporting documents.

Click here for Tanzania Consular Fees and Visa Processing Times

Tanzania Visa Validity:

A Tanzanian visa is generally valid for 6 months from date of issuance and allows a maximum stay of 3 months at the discretion of the Tanzanian Consulate. The Embassy of Tanzania issues single, double, and multiple entry visas.

Visa Pre-Check – Have an urgent visa application with a tight deadline?

Travisa Document Pre-Check Service can save valuable time and reduce stress. Use Travisa Document Pre-Check service to avoid mistakes or delays. Experienced Travisa visa specialists will review and check your scanned documents to confirm that your application is ready to be filed, and will alert you if there is information that needs to be corrected.

Click here to register your trip with the US Embassy in Tanzania

The US State Department strongly encourages American citizens planning international travel to register with the US Embassy(s) in the countries they plan to visit. (Learn more).

In order to ensure that visa applications for most embassies/consulates are submitted on the day that we receive them, they should be shipped to us via FedEx Priority Overnight (not First Overnight or Standard Overnight).

Non-refundable tickets or reservations should not be purchased until all visas and passports are secured and in your possession.

Hotels before/after climb

Best Hotel to stay.

Hotels to stay in Moshi before and after climb Kilimanjaro Hotels, Kilimanjaro hotels booking.

Lets Kilimanjaro Brother’s arranging best hotels to stay before and after your Kilimanjaro climb.

Mostly, however, we choose more environmentally friendly tradional lodge to enhance your comfortable stay.

Park View Hotel Moshi

Situated in Moshi town center a good idea for visiting Moshi town and have
-Air condition
-Safety box
-Mini refrigerator
-Work table with comfort  chair
WIFI internet


Stella Maris Lodge.

A nonprofit hotel in Kilimanjaro dedicated on fundraising of Stella Maris School. All room is in suite with private balcony view of Mount Kilimanjaro, air conditioning and satellite TVs and WiFi internet


Salsalnero hotel.

Salsalnero hotel is modernly designated hotel with equipped rooms with refrigerators, satellite Television, hair dryer, wireless internet, bath shower and secure parking


Ameg lodge.

Ameg lodge has been constructed by local Tanzania building material  with big ground of variety tropical plants.
Al rooms are en suite with Satellite TV, Phone, and air condition

Bet time to climb Kilimanjaro

Are you looking for an excellent adventure that will allow you to enjoy an amazing and exciting experience? Well then, Mt Kilimanjaro will be the right place that can give you the best adventure that you are aspiring for. Mt Kilimanjaro is a well-known, majestic mountain that is gaining huge popularity all over the world. It is considered as one of the highest mountains in Africa. It is also the highest free standing mountain in the world that is covered by different folklore and myths. The mountain also defies logic having its glaciated peak.

Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro doesn’t require technical skills or much equipment. However, all the challenges as you travel your way to the peak of the mountain should not be taken as an easy and light activity. You need to understand and think of the possibilities that lie ahead of your climbing adventure. But the most important thing that you should always consider is the best time to climb Mt Kilimanjaro, in order to makes sure that you would be pursuing a climbing activity in a safe and effective way.

Things to Consider when Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro

People who want to climb Mt Kilimanjaro must always make sure to choose the best time when climbing the mountain to ensure that your climbing adventure will be safe, exciting and amazing as what you would expect when taking part in such an expedition. There are three essential factors that you need to consider when you decide to climb the mountain. Getting familiar with these factors is very important towards choosing the best time to climb in the mountain and these include:

Weather on Mt Kilimanjaro

People who are planning to climb the mountain must always consider the weather before pursuing their climbing activity. Mt Kilimanjaro is close to the equator and it doesn’t have hot or even cold seasons, but it has two types of rainy seasons. This is the long rainy season which is starts in the month of April and ends in May and the short rainy season during the middle month of November until December. If you opt to climb during these months, there is a greater possibility that rains would be pouring down every day. When it comes to the driest months in the mountain, it is on the month of June until October hence warm weather can be experienced.

Usual Time for Numerous Mountain Activities

Business on the mountain in accommodating huge numbers of people is also another factor people need to consider. Certainly, more people choose to climb the mountain during the month of June until October hence you find these months as the busiest routes every day. In order to avoid problems during these months, people are choosing to climb the mountain away from Sundays and Saturdays since these days are the most chosen days of the people. They are also climbing the mountain as early as possible to get ahead of the numerous people who are going to climb the mountain as well.

Cost of Travel

Choose the best time to climb the mountain during the time where promos and discounts are provided since it can effectively lessen your travel expenses. However, the most expensive climbing activity in this mountain is particularly during its peak seasons and during summer vacation.

These are the important factors that you need to consider when you are planning to climb Mt Kilimanjaro. Considering these factors would be very essential towards achieving a safe and enjoying activity reaching the peak of the mountain effectively and conveniently.

Your Best Time to Climb Mt Kilimanjaro

Because of the mountains proximity in its equator, the entire region of the mountain are not experiencing extreme weather during winter and summer, rather it is experiencing wet and dry season. Therefore knowing these things, people can already figure out that the best time to climb Mt Kilimanjaro would be on the driest months. This is to assure of the people’s safety since risks can be evidently associated when climbing the mountain and the weather is known to be foul.

Rains, mud, and even snow and ice during the rainy season would be very dangerous to the climber. Although during the dry season, there are huge numbers of people climbing the mountain but still you need to go along with them since this would be the nicest weather and the best time for you to climb the mountain.

The month of January, February and even September would be the best months for when it comes to the weather and it is also the busiest month where numerous people are climbing the mountain. October, November and until December would be rainy seasons hence afternoon rains would be occurring although the skies would be clear during the evenings and mornings of these months.

When the magnificent glaciers of the mountain are evidently seen, most of the climbers scheduled their climbing activity on this day in order to coincide with the spectacular celestial event that is primarily occurring for only once every month. Another thing which makes this day as the peak season for climbers is because of the bright moon that enhances their visibility during their climbing activity.

However, you may choose whatever month you want to climb the mountain provided you are ready to face all the obstacles associated with the weather. You need to make sure that you are physically fit and ready to engage in a strenuous climbing activity in order to reach the peak of the mountain safely.

You can climb the mountain and reach its peak any time you want. But remember to assure that you are well-conditioned in terms of your health and the weather that is present on the mountain. You need to make sure all elements of your Mt Kilimanjaro Trek has the proper conditions to assure safety trekking and climbing activity on the mountain. So, if you want to climb Mt Kilimanjaro, make sure that you are aware of the best time to pursue your climbing adventure. This is one way of making sure that you can reach the summit and return down the mountain safely.

Kilimanjaro Medical advice

Before traveling to Tanzania or to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, you should make sure that all of your relevant vaccinations and immunizations are up to date. is a very useful website that has plenty of advice on the major travel health issues and considerations for Mount Kilimanjaro and Tanzania. Mpenda Safari strongly recommends that you speak to your GP and seek their advice as to which vaccinations you should have before traveling to Tanzania. You can never be too careful and it would be a shame for your trip to be curtailed or disrupted due to an illness that could have been prevented.

If you need more information , call – +255 767 146 220  or mail us –

Proof of immunization against certain diseases e.g Yellow Fever must be provided to gain entry into Tanzania. Your GP will be able to advise on the current situation.

The following vaccines may be recommended for your travel to East Africa. Discuss your travel plans and personal health with your GP to determine which vaccines you will need.

Hepatitis A

Transmission of the Hepatitis A virus can occur through direct person-to-person contact; through exposure to contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested in contaminated water; or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B can be contracted especially if you are exposed to blood or body fluids (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment.


Malaria is always a serious disease and may be a deadly illness. Humans get malaria from the bite of a mosquito infected with the parasite. The risk of Malaria is high in all countries in East Africa including Tanzania, this includes the cities. A course of anti-malarial tablets, which are taken before, during and after your trip is the normal medication.

Meningococcal (Meningitis)

Some countries in the region experience epidemics of Meningococcal disease between December and June.


Pre-exposure vaccination if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor exposure in rural areas. Such exposure might occur during camping, hiking, or cycling, or engaging in certain occupational activities.


Typhoid can be contracted through contaminated drinking water or food, or by eating food or consuming drinks that have been handled by a person who is infected. Large outbreaks are most often related to contamination of water supplies or foods sold by street vendors.

Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Yellow Fever vaccination is a requirement to enter Tanzania.


Boosters for Tetanus, Diphtheria, Measles, and Polio are all advisable before travelling.

Kilimanjaro Equipment

What to bring (Kit and Equipment List)

As with any mountain climb, your chances of reaching the summit of Kilimanjaro comfortably and safely are greatly increased if you invest in the right climbing kit.

The equipment and clothing required to climb Kilimanjaro doesn’t differ greatly from that required for other high altitude mountain climbs (except for the absence of any need for technical climbing equipment – you won’t need cramp-ons or an ice axe, for instance), but as many prospective climbers will be approaching Kilimanjaro as their first high altitude mountain climb, we feel that it’s especially important to have a good kit guide to aid your preparations.

There is no shortage of Kilimanjaro kit lists and equipment guides on the internet, and most are perfectly adequate. It’s probably worth referring to more than one in order to ensure you aren’t missing anything.

Our kit list is based on our 25 years of experience in organising Kilimanjaro climbs and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. We’ve distinguished between essential and optional items, so as not to overburden you with superfluous equipment. While a lack of quality kit will hamper your chances of reaching Kilimanjaro’s summit, a more common problem in our experience is that prospective climbers tend to over-pack! Knowing what not to bring is often as important as knowing what to bring.

Kilimanjaro Kit List

Comprehensive kit list for Kilimanjaro climbers (you can use the arrows at the bottom of this table to scroll through the entries).



  • Large Holdall or Rucksack (a suitcase is not appropriate)
  • Day Rucksack (for carrying sun cream, camera, film, water bottles etc)
  • Sleeping Bag (four season) NB. IT GETS VERY COLD!
  • Sleeping Mat (Foam or High Strength Thermarest)


  • Long-sleeved Shirt
  • T-shirts
  • Sweatshirt
  • Tracksuit bottoms
  • Down Jacket or ski jacket
  • Fleece
  • Thermal long johns and vests). Two sets.
  • Trousers (such as lightweight trekking trousers, avoid jeans)
  • Shorts
  • Underwear (light and loose)
  • Socks (hiking / leisure)
  • Dress/Skirt/Sarong
  • Lightweight waterproofs (jacket and trousers)
  • Walking boots (sturdy well worn in boots)
  • Ankle gaiters (for stopping grass scratches and rashes)
  • Trainers for evenings
  • Wide brimmed hat
  • Insulated gloves or mittens and ALSO thermal inner gloves
  • Cotton scarf, bandana or dust mask

Notes on daily weather patterns and required clothing from Jeremy Gane

The best way to deal with the significant daily changes in temperature that you encounter in the mountains is to adopt a layer system. Here are some quick notes about the weather you can expect to encounter on the mountain and how to manage your clothing layers day by day.

When you wake up (typically around 06:30) you will face temps just above freezing on the first days of your climb, and just below as you climb higher. Then, by the time breakfast is over and you are ready to trek, it will be warming up and in the sheltered places temperatures can rise to 18c and even 20c to 25c as the morning progresses. But if the mornings are cloudy even the initial rain forest days can be very chilly.

The main factor to consider is mountain convection, which pushes warm air up from the plains and over the rain forest, picking up moisture. This moist air may then precipitate early to mid-afternoon as damp air, drizzle, sleet or snow higher up the mountains. Temperatures can then drop in the early afternoons to only a few degrees above freezing. As you go higher these temps drop further in cloudy weather but on sunny days the sunlight becomes increasingly potent with very high levels of UV and potential for sunburn.

My typical day’s main clothing (apart from summit day) is as follows: 3-4 season trekking boots and two pairs of socks (to prevent blisters); long trekking trousers every day to avoid sun burn and give warmth when overcast; sweat wicking long sleeved T shirt and mid weight or heavy fleece jacket for the chilly mornings, with waterproof trousers and jacket in the day pack ready for rain, snow or cold wind. Wide brimmed hat and lightweight gloves – I use my thermal liner gloves but take two pairs up the mountain just in case I lose a glove before summit night!

The down jacket does not go with me on normal trekking days but rather stays in my main pack with the porters. I use this jacket in the cool evenings and on summit night.

This is a matter of personal choice; but you will realise from the potential daily variations that a layer system is very important. At a minimum, you must wear or carry in your day pack every day: water proofs, hat, gloves and fleece jacket.

For summit night you will need 4 layers top and bottom, so add to the above clothing: thermal base layer, padded trousers (optional), down jacket, balaclava, heavy duty cold weather mittens.

Clothing layers, types & full purchase price indicators

This layer – long johns and long sleeved vest – must be sweat-wicking. Merino Ice Breakers are the best at around £75; but other sweat-wicking base layers do the job too. On a long expedition, take two sets – one for the trek in and the other as pyjamas when it is cold at night and also kept aside for the summit climb.

The mid layer consists of fleece jacket and high performance trek trousers. Fleeces come in three weights (100, 200, 300) and you should go for 200 or 300 depending on how sensitive you are to the cold. Pay £40 to £100.

The soft shell layer is an optional wind-stopping and usually water resistant shell for those that really feel the cold. Or it simply replaces the less technical fleece clothing mid layer (above). Expect to pay around £100 for jacket and £60 for pants.

There are two requirements for your outer layer – waterproofs and insulators (such as down jacket).

When choosing waterproofs go for Hiking Grade not Mountain Grade. They should be lightweight and breathable. E.g. Berghaus Paclite.

Your down (or duvet) jacket must be top grade. No compromise here. Mountain Equipment Annapurna, Rab Endurance or Rab Summit are the standard required. Pay £220 to £250. We hire out down jackets.

For Kilimanjaro your bag should be comfort rated to -10c or more. There is a big difference between comfort rating and the less strict safety rating. You are looking for comfort rating.

Rab Summit 900 gives -25c; Rab Endurance gives -15c; Rab Atlas gives -12c.

Mountain Equipment Sleepwalker 3 is good and we hire out this type of bag.

If choosing a Thermarest you must buy the heaviest version because high mountain moraine and scree can cut through standard Thermarests. If choosing foam, then buy a good one. We hire out good thick local foam mattresses, which make your nights much more comfortable.

6)    BOOTS
Go for 3 to 4 seasons Gortex if buying new. Some options to consider include:
Berghaus Explorer at £90
Scarpa SL at £185
Meindl Nepal or Burma around £175 if you prefer leather.
But the main point is to choose a boot that is comfy for you. The boot shop must loan you some trek socks and give you time to test the boots in the shop – try stairs as well as level areas in the shop.

7)    SOCKS
Double layer required for the summit with thermal liner and good warm, top grade trekking sock for outer. The outer can be double knitted too to reduce blistering. Keep one set of socks clean and fresh for the summit. Icebreaker, Bridgedale Summit are all good.

(Don’t be embarrassed to take your time when selecting kit. It’s expected of you to take your time to choose the equipment that suits you best. It is going to be your shield against the elements in the high mountains!)

You can download all of the information on this page, as well as further information on Kilimanjaro kit hire, in PDF format from the Gane and Marshall website: Kilimanjaro kit list